Americans are routinely urged to include more seafood in their diets as part of a healthy lifestyle. Yetconsumers are often given inadequate, confusing or misleading information about the seafood they
purchase. The dishonest and illegal practice of substituting one seafood species for another, or seafood
fraud, has been uncovered both in the United States and abroad at levels ranging from 25 to more than
70 percent for commonly swapped species such as red snapper, wild salmon and Atlantic cod.
From 2010 to 2012, Oceana conducted one of the largest seafood fraud investigations in the world to
date, collecting more than 1,200 seafood samples from 674 retail outlets in 21 states to determine if they
were honestly labeled. DNA testing found that one-third (33 percent) of the 1,215 samples analyzed
nationwide were mislabeled, according to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) guidelines.